Beijing is the capital of China, located in the north region of China it is incredibly populated. Beijing had a great influence of the Ming and Qing dynasty and Mandarin is the most spoken language of Beijing. It is the political, business and tourism hub attracting many tourists and locals from the different parts of the country. Beijing is known for The Great Wall of China, 2008 summer Olympic Games, its historical landmarks, Chinese temples, museums, festivals and celebrations, sports and studies. Beijing gave the world its famous Cantonese peaking duck, Chinese wine and tea. There is a lot to explore here with its great ancient history and the exciting contemporary development.
Climate: Humid continental climate, Spring is short and windy lasting from April to May. Carry slightly warm clothes for the spring as it is cold. Summers from June to August are long and hot with heavy rains, so only light clothes with rain gear is suitable. Autumn from September to October has plenty of sunshine. It is the best time to visit requiring light weight clothes along with jackets. Winters from November to March are very cold, carry very warm clothes, if you are visiting at this time.
How to reach
By Air: Beijing Capital International Airport, is well connected to global destinations. Many domestic flights connect it to other cities within China.
By Rail: Beijing has international railway network connecting it to several neighboring countries. Domestic railway network connects it to major cities around China.
By Road: Extensive road network connects Beijing to the rest of China.
Points of interest
Location: 4 Jingshan Front St, DongchengQu, Beijing
Timings: Tuesday to Sunday (Monday closed)
How to reach: Bus
This world heritage site, located at the heart of the city was once the home of the Ming and Qing dynasty that ruled the country. This fine example of Chinese architecture is made of wood and has artifacts preserving its history for centuries. It’s beautiful handcrafted colored porcelain jars, paintings, bronze items, timepieces, jade preserved in the museum tell the tale of their glorious past. Serving as the home of the Emperor, it was not allowed to enter the palace without permission from the Emperor, hence the name ‘Forbidden City’. A number of documentaries have been made on this iconic site from the past.
Great Wall of China
Location: Huairou, China,
Timings: all days: 7:30 am to 5:30 pm
How to reach: Bus
Probably the most visited tourist place, this UNESCO world heritage site attracts people and celebrities from all parts of the world to Beijing. The Great Wall of China was made to protect the city from frequent invaders, this man made barrier stretches from China to Magnolia. Winding up and down across grasslands and desserts, plateaus and mountains, this gigantic structure stretches nearly 13170 miles and runs from the east of China to the west. Though some of its sections have worn out over time, and many have been restored, yet the Wall stands out due to its simple construction using stone, mud, brick and wood and amazing architecture and grandeur.
Temple of Heaven
Location: 1 Tiantan E Rd, DongchengQu, Beijing, China
How to reach: Bus
Located in the south of the city, this 15th century royal holy place of Chinese people was the main temple for worship during important ceremonies. Heaven worship ceremonies were held here by the Emperors. Today this UNESCO world heritage site attracts visitors due to its ancient Chinese architecture, civilization and panoramic view. Opened to the public in 1988, this site represents the ancient history, philosophy and religion of the place. People exercise, play and meet here; other cultural festivals and functions are celebrated in the surrounding park.
Location: 1 Tiantan E Rd, DongchengQu, Beijing
Timings: April to October: 8:30 – 17:00
November to March: 9:00 to 16:00
How to reach: Bus
This huge beautiful palace surrounded with lake water, gardens and hills is the specimen of Chinese architecture with many rare and expensive artifacts. This UNESCO world heritage site was constructed in the 18th century, its eternal beauty and grace attracts visitors towards itself as a result this place is always crowded with its admirers. It has four parts, the court area, front hill area, lake area and the rear hill area, together these offer the most beautiful and natural views . Also called, ‘The Museum of Royal Gardens’, this royal park is known for its alluring landscape and horticulture.
National Museum of China
Location: 16 E Chang'an Ave, DongchengQu, China
Timings: Daily-9:00- 4:30 pm, Monday closed
How to reach: Bus, subway
Made in 1912, the National Chinese museum hosts invaluable artifacts, statues of the famous, treasures, books and paintings, apart from the personal belongings of the ruling dynasties, articles related to the Chinese revolution and complete Chinese history. It was made to educate people about Chinese history and to grow a felling of national love and patriotism. It has wide collection of Gods and Goddesses made of bronze, jade, statues of animals, gold painted pots and vessels from the early civilization and many more. Built on the basis of the old Museum of Chinese Revolution and Museum of Chinese History, this is the most inclusive and integrated museum of Chinese History.