Edinburgh is the Scottish capital with rich history, culture, royalty, and picturesque and castles. Located east near to the North Sea and surrounded by hills Edinburgh is one of the most beautiful cities of Scotland and Europe and hence it is quite popular among the tourists. The old town of Edinburgh was declared as world heritage site in the year 1995. It is a hilly place with medieval Old town as well as Georgian New Town. The new town has many neoclassical buildings and elegant gardens that add to its beauty.
Edinburgh offers something for everyone with many festivals, entertainment facilities, arts and medieval architecture continuing to attract the tourists. The Edinburgh castle that looms over the city adds to its Scottish feel.
Best time to travel: April to October.
Climate: Maritime climate, with cold winters cold and moderate Summers
How to reach:
Air: Edinburgh Airport
Bus: Lothian Buses
Rail: Edinburgh Waverley Station
Places to see
Location: Canongate, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Timings: Daily 9:30AM–6PM
Opened in the year 1854, the Palace of Holyrood is the place where the British monarch resides officially in Scotland. It is located at the Royal Mile opposite the famous Edinburgh castle. The kings and queens of Scotland have lived here since 16th century. Every summer the British queen Elizabeth comes here live and to do the official ceremonies and engagements. You can see the historical rooms of Mary, Queen of Scots from the 16th century throughout the year. The Palace is a great architectural marvel and considered one of the eight best British buildings by historian Dan Cruickshank.
Royal Yacht Britannia
Location: Ocean Terminal, Leith
Timings: January - March
April - June
July - September
November - December
New Year's Day
How to reach:
By Rail-Edinburgh Waverley railway station.
By Rir- 40 minutes' - Edinburgh Airport.
The royal yacht Britannia was the sea home of the queen and the royal family for over 40 years, it sailed over 1,000,000 miles around the world. It is now permanently moored in front of the Ocean Terminal. You can see the relaxed surroundings loved by the Queen. You can go for free audio tour or also take a private tour. The racing yacht Bloodhound that is moored alongside can also be visited and gives you a royal experience.
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Location: Arboretum Place, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Timings: Daily 10AM–5PM
How to reach:
Bus: Lothian Buses, The Majestic Tour Bus
Train:Waverley, 1.5 miles
Airport: Airlink bus 8 miles.
Another popular tourist attraction of Edinburgh, the royal botanic garden is dedicated to various species of plants and their conservation. Built in 1670 by Dr. Robert Sibbald and Dr. Andrew Balfour as a physic garden to produce medicinal plants, it has four different sites across Scotland - Edinburgh, Dawyck, Logan and Benmore. It has more than 13,302 living plant species, (34,422 accessions) and 3 million preserved specimens. The garden offers 72 acres of scenic beauty along with peace and tranquility. It is a great place to visit with the family and discover its fascinating history. The 10 glasshouses at the garden have different climatic zones and house numerous exotic plants. A 200 year old palm tree is the highlight of the garden.
Location: Castle Hill, Edinburgh
How to reach
By Air: international and domestic flights - Edinburgh.
By Train: Waverley train station
By Bus: express bus service - Edinburgh Airport.
Timings: Daily, 9:30am-6pm
Edinburgh castle is a historic fortress located on castle hill and has been the royal residence since 12 century to 1633.This castle has seen many wars like the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite Rising of 1745. The castle has been declared as "the most besieged place in Great Britain and one of the most attacked in the world". Edinburgh castle hosts the Scottish regalia (the crown jewels) and the Stone of Destiny known as the Honors of Scotland. The castle is also the site of the National War Museum and also has the Scottish National War Memorial.
Scottish National Gallery
Location: The Mound, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Hours: All Days except Thursday 10AM–5PM
Closed 25 and 26 December
Admission is free
How to reach
By Bus: Edinburgh Coach Lines Service 13. Gallery Bus
By Train: Fifteen minutes’ from Haymarket Station
Designed by William Henry Playfair in 1859, the Scottish National Gallery is the national Scottish art gallery located in central Edinburgh. It has collection of fine arts of Scotland from the Renaissance period to the 19th century. The gallery exhibits the fine works of renowned artists like "Montagne Sainte-Victoire" by Paul Cézanne (1839–1906), "Mrs Robert Scott Moncrieff" by Sir Henry Raeburn (1756–1823), "The Lomellini Family" by Van Dyck (1599–1641), "Madonna and Child" by Don Lorenzo Monaco (1370–1425). The peaceful ambience gives a great backdrop to the masterpieces. Regarded as one of the best collections of art work across the globe, it covers Scotland’s history of painting. There are events and activities happening for every age group including story sessions for kids and life drawing classes. The interactive IT Gallery is an added attraction.