A truly global city, Moscow is the capital of Russia. Nearly 860 years old, this iconic city has played a key role in the development of Russia and the world. For many people, the sight of the Kremlin complex in the heart of the city brings memories from the past. A reminder of the rich heritage, the Kremlin never ceases to inspire. The city is also full of art with the glittering Bolshoi Theatre, the circus performers and numerous other events taking your breath away. Scattered around the city are the remains of the Soviet era and you can experience it in various museums, monuments and even some smart cafes that help you to relive the past subtly. With an amazing nightlife, the city is a place for both modern and the traditional to enjoy the night and the sunrise there after as it shines over the golden domes revealing the opulence of this alluring city. With lots of parks and green spaces, the nature also adds to the charm of this global city.
Location: On the Moskva river, Russia
Climate: Humid continental climate with two seasons. The summers from May-October are pleasant requiring light clothes but add a jacket for the nights as these may be chilly. Winters from November- April are extremely cold. Carry very warm clothes during this time. Be prepared for the rains as there can be showers throughout the year.
By Air: Domodedovo, Vnukovo and Sheremetyevo are the International Airports. Aero Express Trains or Taxis can take you to the city from here. You can also use the Russian railways or domestic flights to go other cities.
By Rail: Moscow has nine railway stations that connect it to other International and domestic cities. There is also good metro service that operates in major Russian cities.
By Sea: Passenger boats connect Moscow to other Russian cities.
Places of Interest
The Kremlin & Red Square
Timings: Friday to Wednesday between 10.00 and 17.00
The Moscow Kremlin, located in the center of Moscow is also called the Kremlin. It is a castle with four palaces and same number of cathedrals and is the official Presidential residence of Russia. One of the biggest castles in Russia, the great Kremlin Palace, is an interesting combo of white and yellow with a green rooftop. Highlighted with golden color that adds to the opulence of the place, the palace looks most elegant and royal. Built initially in 1462, it was restored in 1837 by King Nicholas I, due to the extensive damage suffered during war. Covering a massive 25,000 square meters, the Kremlin Palace is a huge place with nine churches and nearly 700 rooms. The west part was reserved for the royal family.
Timings: Daily 10.00 am – 4.00 pm from 16 October to 14 April.
From 15th April to 15th October - daily 10:00 to 06:00.
Closed Mondays, Tuesdays and the last Wednesday of each month.
Also closed during heavy rain.
Built in the 18th century, in Russian architectural style, this magnificent estate has a majestic palace with a large park and beautiful ponds. There is an old church, hermitage, stone conservatory grotto and several Italian and Dutch houses that dot the landscape. The gardens are in French style with sculptures made by renowned Italian and Russian architects. It was initially built to host luxurious parties for the nobility, estate owners and also the Empress Catherine II of Russia. The estate is an enchanting combo of classicism and baroque. It also has a museum and hosts many festivals and concerts during the summer.
GUM Department Store
Location: Red Square, 3, Moscow, Russia
Timings: Daily from 10:00 to 22:00
One of the largest shopping centers in Europe, the GUM is a one of the most popular places to shop in Moscow. Located in the Red Square, its first part was built by Alexander I in 1812. Well known for its architecture and cultural activities, GUM is one of the venues for the International Art Festival Chereshneviy les. It also hosts several art shows and photo exhibitions. Housing famous and luxurious brands such as Dior, Louis Vuitton, Burberry, Hugo Boss etc. it is a stylish place with several exclusive cafes and restaurants. Visit it for its many enchanting facets!
Timings: Open from 5:30 am to 1:00 am.
The Moscow metro offers a great insight into the architecture of the city and each of the stations are a great tourist attraction. Symbolically known as underground palaces of Moscow, the old stations depict the industrialization of Russia while the new ones display the pride and victory of the country. Majakovskaya station is highly popular and considered to be one of the most beautiful ones. Revolution Square, Komsomolskaya and few others from 1930-1950 are known for their architectural brilliance. Many stations are protected because of their valuable cultural significance. Some of the underground complexes have art decorations including paintings, statues, mosaics, stained glass windows and monuments. Each station is unique and offers view of the rich heritage of the city.
Statue of Peter the Great
Location: Polyanka/Полянка on Serpukhovsko–Timiryazevskaya Line
Located in Moskva River, this monument is not only one of the tallest but has also been voted as one of the ugliest across the world. Only a hundred meters south of Kremlin, the sail overlooking the city center is eye catching. The monument was built in the center of the Russian capital to honor Peter the Great who established the Russian Navy. However, ironically Peter himself did not like Moscow and moved the capital of the nation to St. Petersburg.