Italy’s largest and most populated city Rome is located in the central-west of the Italian Peninsula. Regarded as the place of origin of the modern civilization, this nearly three thousand years old sprawling city was once the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. This global, cosmopolitan city is famous for its artists, architects, painters, sculptors and fashion. The power of the Roman heritage can be seen in the Colosseum and the ancient ruins like the Forum. The Vatican Museums that house masterpieces like Michelangelo’s great works reflect the creative aspects of this beautiful city which is also known as the ‘Eternal City’ with its display of rich cultural heritage, architecture and art. This historic and most visited city of Italy is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Climate: Mediterranean climate, summers are hot and dry while winters are cool and humid. October-February are winter months requiring warm clothes while March-April and September are pleasant. May-August are hot requiring light clothes suitable for summers.
Best Time to Visit- March-April and September- November
Location: Lazio Province.
How to reach:
By Air: Leonardo da Vinci (Fiumicino) 26 km from the city centre. G.B. Pastine/Ciampino International Airport
By Train- Roma Termini-The suburban train (FL1 line)
By Boat/Ferry services
Points of interest
The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre
Location: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma, Italy
Timings: Sunday to Monday 8:30AM–3:30PM
How to reach:
"B" line Metro station Colosseo
"A" line Metro station Manzoni, then two stops of tram no. 3 going southwards
Also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, the Colosseum is an oval shaped, largest built amphitheatre, located in the middle of Rome. Built in 72 AD, this amphitheatre could accommodate between 50,000 - 80,000 spectators to watch gladiatorial contests, public spectacles such as mock sea battles (for only a short time as the hypogeum was soon filled in with mechanisms to support the other activities), animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The Colosseum has beautiful arched entrances that allowed easy access to the numerous spectators. Built with a practical design, this ellipse shaped Colosseum with 80 entrances, represents the excellent craftsmanship of the Roman era.
Location: Regione IX Circus Flaminius
Sunday to Monday 9AM–7:30PM
How to reach:
By Bus – Numbers 40, 60 and 64 – get down at the Piazza Argentina
Built in 118–128 AD by King Publius Aelius Hadrian, this granite church was once an ancient roman temple. Dedicated to all Roman Gods, it is one of the most influential and preserved building belonging to ancient times in Rome. Two kings of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I as well as the Queen of Umberto, Margherita lie buried in the Pantheon.
Timings: Opening Time - 8:30AM (except holidays)
Closing time- depends on the season.
How to reach: Bus numbers 51, 85, 87, 118, or 810 bus to the stop Fori Imperiali
Located in the center of Rome, Roman Forum was a very important building during the ancient times. Surrounded by ruins of several important ancient government buildings, for centuries, it was the main piazza of the city. It was the place where all business was conducted, news was exchanged, major events like triumphal processions and elections, public speeches and other commercial affairs took place. It housed important buildings of the time such as the Royal Residence, the Temple of Vesta (7th century BC) and the Regia (8th century BC) as well as the surrounding complex of the Vestal Virgins.
Location: Piazza di Trevi, 00187 Roma, Italy.
How to reach:
You can take Bus from Barberini.
Located in the Trevi district, this famous fountain was built in 1762 by artist Nicola Salvi and Pietro Bracci. This largest Baroque fountain celebrates the power of water and is a wonderful work that is settled between the palaces in the city. It is a breath taking sight with numerous creatures of fantasy built in the structure giving a mesmerizing effect. The effects of light on the marble create an intense scene that could be seen in many famous movies. It is believed that you will return here if you throw the coins in this fountain from the right hand over the left shoulder.
Location: Viale Vaticano, Rome, Italy
Timings: Monday to Saturday- 9 Am- 4 Pm, Sunday closed.
How to reach:
From Termini Station
Metro Line A, Direction Battistini, Stations: Ottaviano-S. Pietro-MuseiVaticani; Cipro (from both stations 10 minutes walk).
From Ciampino Airport
Terravision Pullman travel up to the Termini Station and from here you can go according to the Metro directions.
The Taxi ride from both the Airports takes around 40 minutes.
The Vatican Museums are home to great masterpieces of art, sculpture and painting that have been collected by the Popes. These museums are located around the Vatican City boundaries and include the Picture Gallery, the Christian, Profane and Missionary-Ethnological Museum and the History Museum. There is also a Scientific Research laboratory and a workshop for restoring marbles, bronze pieces, tapestries, paintings etc. These museums house some of the greatest works of Rome’s heritage and you should explore these museums to see some amazing works of artists like Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci from the past.